The nature of work is rapidly changing due to emerging technologies. The exact effect of this seems certain: The skills that employers value and rely upon are changing. In this fast paced world, where there has been constant updates and advancements, it is estimated that the current skill set will become obsolete in the next 5 years.
The result is pretty evident in the technology landscape where new technology emerges everyday. The springing up of new technologies in daily life has fueled the demand for the knowledge of programming languages. Since the year 2020, we have seen a surging demand for programmers and developers in the community as computers and technology has been significantly useful for organizations to process efficiently.
Today, the Programming Language is obligatory for almost every discipline, whether it be Web Development, Machine Learning, Data Science, or any other field. In the market, as demand and popularity changes, the ranking of the programming language also fluctuates. Therefore, it is imperative that you’re updated with the latest trends and indices of Programming Language to stay attractive in the job market and outshine others.
But in today’s scenario, the market is brimming with hundreds of Programming Languages. Picking out the relevant one may seem quite a daunting task. You need to look for a lot of factors to get the programming language that is of high demand and suitable for you.
So, to give you a brief about the ruling programming language of 2021, we present to The Top 10 Programming Language That Will Rule in 2021.
|S.N.||NAME OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE|
According to the RedMonk Ranking report 2020, Python outranked JAVA to become the second most popular programming language and has seen a surge of 18-18% in the last 5 years. At the PYPL index, Python ranked at the #1 position for December 2020 index. The compatibility of Python with trending technologies like AI and ML makes it one of the most favourite programming languages and preferable among the developers.
The primary reason for the high demand of Python language is quite simple; it is easy to read, learn and can be used for web development, software development, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, Data Sciences and many more. The language offers some enriching features such as rich library support, automatic garbage collection, easier integration with other languages, GUI Programming support, and many more.
C and C++ both have been ruling the tech market for a long time. As per TIOBE index 2020, C and C++ both rank under the top 5 programming languages. Also, at the PYPL index, C and C++ has grown around 0.1% and ranks at the #5 position. Big companies like Adobe, Oracle, Microsoft, Nvidia hires C/C++ developers with handsome packages.
The C language is majorly used in the development of low-level systems like operating systems, kernel development, and others. And, C++ is a language that is used in Game Development, GUI & Desktop applications, and Competitive Programming.
JAVA may be considered old but every year it ends up with good ranking and high demand in the tech world. This language is enjoying a second position among all the top programming languages in the ranking of TIOBE and PYPL. And according to RedMonk, JAVA ranks 3rd position.
Generally, the usage of JAVA lies in Android development along with Web Applications, Desktop Applications, Scientific Applications, etc. Adding to the charm, reputed companies like Adobe, Amazon, and Flipkart are accepting JAVA and offering ravishing career opportunities to Java developers.
- R Language
The demand for R Language has been rising with each passing day. If we talk about TIOBE ranking, it has jumped to 9th position from 16th position within a span of less than 1 year. Big companies like Facebook, Google, Uber, etc are using the R language for their businesses.
R Language is majorly used in Data Science, Statistical Analysis, and Machine Learning. The language is also adaptable for GNU/Linux and Microsoft Windows. Moreover, the R language can be mixed with several data processing technologies like Hadoop & Spark.
In the current state, the name ‘Kotlin’ is very much popular. Fun fact is that Google stated Kotlin as the most preferred language for android application development. According to the Stack Overflow survey, Kotlin is 4th among other programming languages.
Kotlin is a multi utility programming language that supports object-oriented and functional programming features. Moreover, it is adaptable with Java and can supports the Java libraries. Interestingly, you could easily learn the language, and alongside it can be used for Android, web and desktop applications development. Companies like Pinterest, Uber, Netflix, has various opportunities for the Kotlin developers.
C# has been holding a good position in the list of top programming languages of almost every index. As per TIOBE it ranks 4th, PYPL ranks it 5th and GitHub Language Rankings gives it #5 position.
C# has numerous advantages to give you a high paying job. It is extensively used for game development, Windows applications development server-side applications. C# comes has a rich set of libraries which makes it a faster and appreciated for structured language, faster compilation, updateable and scalable, component-oriented, complete integration with .NET library.
PHP is another language to learn for 2021 to gain positive results. In TIOBE Index the language is ranked 8 and in RedMonk Ranking reports it ranks 4th position. Websites like Facebook, Wikipedia, WordPress, etc. are heavily relying on PHP and are providing numerous career opportunities.
Go has an incredible amount of popularity and demand among the developers. The Stack Overflow reports Go is under the list of top 5 most programming languages by developers. Companies like Uber, Google, etc. are working with the Go language and offer generous jobs.
Go is enriched with numerous features such as garbage collection, dynamic-typing, type safety, high performance & efficiency, and can also be supported with multithreading, distributed system, Cloud Computing. Additionally, it masters in jobs like slow compilation & execution, unavailability of the rich standard library, etc.
Scala in the recent years have gained a lot of new followers increasing its demand among the developers and making it among top programming languages in India. Renowned tech firms like Netflix, LinkedIn, eBay, Twitter are using Scala for their platforms.
Beginners are strongly recommended to go for Scala because mang companies are looking forward to incorporating Scala into their businesses which will offer great career options. Scala is an all rounder programming language that supports both – object-oriented and functional programming paradigms. In addition, it has extensive array of features such as lazy computation, string interpolation, type inference, great scalability, and many others.
Before you get into one of the programming languages, it is imperative for a thorough research which aligns with your needs and interests. We have listed the top 10 best programming language in India, to help you out. All the languages mentioned above are among the most popular and widely used programming languages. Choose wisely! If you have any questions, please let us know in the comments.
Stay technical! Stay updated!